Review Article

Allergic Reactions to Covid19 (Sars-Cov-2) Vaccine

1. Background The recent approval of various covid vaccines will result in massive immunization of the public with these vaccines. Cases of allergic reactions such as rashes, urticaria, anaphylaxis have been reported worldwide. The following is a summary, from an allergist’s perspective, of the components found to be present in situations where the patient has …

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Breast DCE-MRI Segmentation for Lesion Detection Using Grammatical Fireworks Algorithm

1. Abstract Breast DCE-MRI segmentation and lesion detection is a crucial image analysis task for cancer detection and tissue characterization. In this paper, a hard-clustering technique with Grammatical Fireworks algorithm (GFWA) is proposed to segment the breast MR images for lesion detection. GFWA is Swarm Programming (SP) method developed for automatic computer program generation in …

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Chronic Maxillary Atelectasis and Silent Sinus Syndrom: Report of Three Cases and Literature Review

1. Abstract Chronic Maxillary Atelectasis (CMA) and Silent Sinus Syndrome (SSS) are conditions that may lie on the same clinical spectrum, since both have similarities in pathophysiology, clinical findings and treatment, although the absence of sinonasal symptoms is the main difference between them. In this study we present three different cases of CMA that were …

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Immunology Pathway of During Autoimmune Disease: A Review Article

1. Abstract 1.1. Introduction: Dermatitis herpetiformis or also known as duhring disease is a rare autoimmune vesicobulosa disease, specific and recurrent chronic in nature and has a relationship with celiac disease and gluten-sensitive enteropathy. The diagnosis of dermatitis herpetiformis is based on a combination of physical examination, routine histopathological examination, immunofluorescence examination, and serological testing. …

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Sexual Function and Dysfunction among Patients with Systemic and Auto-Immune Diseases

1. Summary Systemic autoimmune diseases affect various organs and they can determine sexual dysfunction in females and males patients particularly with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc), Sjögren syndrome (SS), antiphospholipid syndrome, Behçet’s disease and other vasculitis. Sexual dysfunction among patients with rheumatic diseases is multifactorial due to disease-related factors (chronic …

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The Role of the Pharmacist in Patient Care (Book Review)

1. Abstract Most people on the outside of the health care profession are not familiar with this new role of the pharmacist. The general public has created a stereotypical pharmacist’s picture as being a person who stands behind a counter, dispenses medicine with some instructions to the respective consumer. Pharmacy practice has changed substantially in …

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The Differences Between Exfoliative Cheilitis and Factitial Cheilitis, Also Its Association with B12 Deficiency: A Review Article

1. Abstract 1.1. Background: Cheilitis is generally an inflammation that occurs in the vermillion border of the lips. Exfoliative Cheilitis is a chronic disease that occurs locally only on the vermillion border of the lips, which until now the exact cause has not been identified. Exfoliative cheilitis often has clinical symptoms similar to other diseases, …

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The Role of Genetic Mutations in Y Chromosome Infertility Syndrome

1. Abstract Sex chromosome Y infertility is a genetic disorder that affects sperm production and causes affected men to become infertile. Most men with Y chromosome infertility syndrome have some sperm cells in their urine that can be extracted for this purpose. As the name implies, this type of infertility is caused by changes in …

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